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Vendeldiget

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Academic year: 2022

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SUMMARY

The V endel Dike

In the dry summer of1992 the Vende] Dike (Vendeldiget) was visible as a 2-3 m wide swathe 5-600 m long through the corn (fig. 1- 2). At least five other dikes of the same kind have been examined in Jutland (Olgerdiget, Trældiget, Dandiget, Æ Vold, and Ramme­

dige). The few datings obtained point to the Roman Iron Age. At the end ofthe 19th cen­

tury Vendeldiget was known as a low E-W bank passing through Asp and Vej rum parish­

es midway between Struer and Holstebro.

H.C. Strandgård was the first to call attention to the dike (fig. 3).

In 1992, 1993, and 1995 archaeologists from Holstebro Museum excavated the ditch (fig. 4). An area of 200 m2 was dug and 20 m of ditch uncovered (fig. 5). Seven sections were dug across the ditch. It had a width of 2-3.3 m and a depth ofbetween 1.05 and 1.65 m (including 20 cm of topsoil). The sections showed it to be V-shaped in some places and U-shaped in others, and that it had silted up.

No sign of a palisade and bank were found during the excavations (6) (fig. 6-7-8-9-10).

A smal! amount of charcoal from the basal layer was C-14 dated to 120-380 ±70 (7).

The Vende! Dike runs for more than 3.75 m and ends at marshy areas both in the east and west (fig.11). The name means the wind­

ing, curved dike (8). It is interpreted as a terri­

torial boundary between tribal confedera­

tions. Foliowing a suggestion from Tacitus it can be suggested that it was the work of 4-5 villages, no doubt after orders from a chief or princeling (9). No village or farming settle­

ment has ever been excavated in the immedi­

ate area, but a grave with equipment suggest­

ing a military commander was excavated in 1901 four km to the north (10).

The part of westernjutland where Vendel­

diget is situated recalJs eastern Jutland in both its scenery and archaeology, as we are north of the maximum extent ofthe last glaciation.

There is now no trace of Vendeldiget on the surface, but Rammedige, 20 km further west, is partly under protection and worth seeing (11-12). As well as protecting a land area it controlled the cotirse of a possible road, as is known elsewhere too (13).

Poul Mikkelsen og Lis Helles Olesen Holstebro Museum O,,ersættelse: David Liversage

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